A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder that affects the patient’s interpretation of reality. This affects their response to aspects of life. Individuals with personality disorders may have trouble connecting with other people, maintaining or starting relationships, and controlling their impulses. In most circumstances, the patient does not realize that their behavior and perception of the world is different from that of others. This causes them to hold others liable for the challenges they face in life. Their behavior seems natural to them despite it going against the cultural norm.
All this results in the patient feeling isolated from the world and alone. This may cause the individual to seek solace in substance abuse. Due to this, addiction is a common occurrence in individuals who are diagnosed with personality disorders. People who have personality disorders also tend to be suicidal or have self-harm tendencies. They are also at a higher risk of developing other mental health conditions such as depression due to their difficulty in coping with emotions and isolation from the world.
What Causes Personality Disorders
The cause of personality disorders is not well defined or well known. It is, however, believed that a combination of the genetic tendency to develop a personality disorder and one’s environment could be a cause. Individuals who go through trauma in childhood are at a high risk of developing personality disorders.
Personality disorders begin in the individual’s teenage life or early adulthood.
Types of Personality Disorders
There are ten types of personality disorders that are classified into three different groups.
Individuals with personality disorders in this category tend to have uncommon and peculiar behavior.
The personality disorders in this group include:
1. Paranoid Personality Disorder
This disorder is identified by the severe mistrust in other people and living in suspicion of one’s surroundings. The individual believes that there is a plan to harm them, and they tend to distort their life experiences to fit this narrative.
2. Schizoid Personality Disorder
This disorder is characterized by the person lacking any need for social interaction. They do not feel the need to follow social norms and, in most cases, lack appropriate emotional responses. All their attention is directed to their own lives.
3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
This entails strange behavior, dressing, or speech from the individual. They tend to have odd beliefs, suspicions, and fear of social gatherings and interactions. They also have delusions and obsessive thoughts. Individuals who have schizotypal personality disorder are at a higher risk of developing schizophrenia later in life.
Individuals who have personality disorders in this cluster exhibit impulsive and erratic or emotional behaviors. They include:
1. Antisocial Personality Disorder
Individuals who have antisocial personality disorders do not follow social rules. They also tend to act impulsively and feeling no guilt about how they make other’s feel. They lack empathy towards others and lack appropriate emotional reactions.
2. Histrionic Personality Disorder
An individual with this disorder tends to seek and crave attention. They live off people’s approval, and their self-worth comes from what others say of them. They may also come off as dramatic and tend to portray provocative behaviors.
3. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Individuals who have a narcissistic personality disorder have an overemphasized sense of importance. Their minds are preoccupied with thoughts of gaining power, and they tend to look down on others.
4. Borderline Personality Disorder
A person with this disorder tends to have a contorted self-image. They are impulsive and have fierce emotions. They also tend to have a pattern of unstable relationships, even with family and friends. Individuals with this disorder are at a high risk of developing other mental health conditions such as depression.
This cluster is characterized by behaviors such as being fearful or anxious. The personality disorders in this category are:
1. Avoidant Personality Disorder
Individuals with this disorder tend to fear rejection. This causes them to isolate themselves from others. They may also feel inadequate and do not react well to negative criticism.
2. Dependent Personality Disorder
There is a pattern of clinginess in the person’s behavior. They are also afraid of separation from the things or people they cling to.
3. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
A person with this disorder displays behaviors of being overly neat and organized. They crave perfection. They also tend to be rigid with their decisions in life.
Symptoms of Personality Disorders
The following symptoms are classified in the three clusters of personality disorders
1. Cluster A
- Living in suspicion of others and an inability to trust others.
- Complete disinterest in social relationships
- Inability to understand and appreciate social norms
- Failure to emotionally respond appropriately
- Queer way of thinking or dressing
2. Cluster B
- Constant lying
- Inability to feel guilt for one’s actions
- Exploiting others for their self-gain
- Actions of hostility and violence
- Distorted self-image
3. Cluster C
- Feelings of inadequacy
- Inability to appreciate negative criticism
- Clingy behavior to things or people
- Craving perfection which can result in anguish
- Oversensitivity to rejection
Personality Disorder Test
Personality disorder tests are used to examine how similar your behavior relates to the characteristics of the ten known personality disorders. Personality disorders differ from your central personality. Personality disorder tests consist of several questions. The answers given help determine your uncommon traits, which are of concern and are a characteristic of either of the 10 recognized personality disorders.
It is recommended to seek medical help from professionals if your personality disorder test result is high enough that you are classified as one who is suffering from any of the personality disorders. One such facility to get help from is 310 Recovery.
Getting help from 310 Recovery
310 Recovery is a fully licensed drug and alcohol detox, rehab, and PHP. We are in Los Angeles, California. 310 Recovery is an alcohol and drug rehab and treatment facility. We also help patients who suffer from mental health conditions and any co-occurring conditions such as personality disorders. At 310 Recovery, we create a treatment plan custom-tailored for you. We take our time to learn your unique needs, and our team develops a plan to ensure your full recovery.
Our personnel handles patients who suffer from cocaine and other drug addictions. We have an outpatient recovery program that can be suitable for persons who require alcohol treatment within Los Angeles, California. We also offer a residential treatment program to allow post-withdrawal recovery.
A personality disorder is a type of mental condition that affects the patient’s interpretation of reality. This affects the individual’s personal and social relationships. The person who has the personality disorder may feel alone, and, in most cases, this results in substance abuse or suicidal thoughts.
Personality disorders do not have a known cause. It is, however, believed that if a person has the genetic tendency to develop a personality disorder, they are at a higher risk if they come from a traumatic childhood or if they come from a violent environment. This may begin when the individual is a teenager or in their early adulthood.
Ten recognized personality disorders are categorized into 3 clusters based on their common characteristics. The ten personality disorders are:
- Paranoid Personality Disorder
- Schizoid Personality Disorder
- Schizotypal Personality Disorder
- Antisocial Personality Disorder
- Histrionic Personality Disorder
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Avoidant Personality Disorder
- Dependent Personality Disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder
If you suspect to be having any of the listed personality disorders, you can take a personality test. If the results percentage shows that you could be having a personality disorder, seek medical assistance from professionals. One such medical facility is 310 Recovery.
At 310 Recovery, our doctors and therapists work to ensure a positive relationship with you as they create a treatment plan custom made for you. This ensures an effective and long-term treatment option. We are in Los Angeles, California.
Your sobriety and mental health are our main concern. Contact us today in case you have any questions concerning sober living.